• TR
  • EN
Sectoral Issues
Sectoral competition

Unrecorded production

The supply of incomes of products with suitable quality

The supply of glass bottle

Sectoral competition

The Monopoly (Tekel) operated by the state was privatised as a single entity containing all fixed assets, brands, intellectual rights and distribution network setup.

Simultaneously, other companies presenting new trademarks has taken a step in the sector. While the sector has been opened to competition, it has been in the need of the supervision of corporation regulating competition. After the actions of a company that has dominant position of in Raki sector, The Competition Board has penalized the relavent company. (Competition Authority Reasoned Judgment Text)

TSPA believes that the development of the sector depends on the variation and competition and considers that in order to create a stable balance in competititon in the next 10 year period, keeping the sector under close supervision by relevant authorites has critical importance.

Unrecorded production

Unrecorded production offers an attractive illegal income opportunity due to the Special Consumption Taxed (SCT) applied in the sector.

The risk for unrecorded production may appear in different forms.;

- The lack of declaration of manufacturers :

Manufacturer may not declare some of the products that it sells by avoiding to issue an invoice. Therefore, SCT does not incurr however is collected from the market.

Fake tax stamps or tax stamps that are declared at large amounts as loss increase the risk.

Illegal sales in unmatching containers is another area of risk. The data of declared tax stamps usage and SCT incurred should be cross checked.

Field inspections should be increased, suspicious products in the stores should be examined, a call center should be formed in order to get immediate results after denunciations.

- Counterfeit Production:

Is performed by simple addition of aniseed extract to ethly alcohol in unappropriate locations. These products have a taste which is similar to raki, and turn white when added water.

Consumption of those products cause great health problems because the discrimination of methly alcohol which is extremely poisinous can only be made by highly developed laboratory equipments.

Field inspections should be increased, suspicious products in the stores should be examined, a call center should be formed in order to get immediate results after denunciations.

- Small scale or home production:

The production known as ‘bogma raki’ especially seen in the Aegean, Thrace and South Eastern Anatolia regions is actually produced by distilling fermentated grape with aniseeds by using primitive distillation devices.

As a result of this, the spirit is not distilled properly and contain unwanted chemicals. The taste and odour of the distillate are quite heavy.

Such distillate can cause headache and occasionaly poisonings since it is not purified from unwanted chemicals.

Unfortunately, this kind of distillates have been accepted by some drinkers and became an acquired taste in some regions.

This kind of products can be sold in plastic bottles and they are very cheap compared to raki.

Field inspections should be increased, suspicious products in the stores should be examined, a call center should be formed in order to get immediate results after denunciations.

The supply of production materials of appropriate quality

- Decreasing production of grapes and aniseeds:

The areas of grape and aniseed production in Turkey have been gradually decreasing.

Besides being used in alcoholic drinks industry, grapes are among the important export products of Turkey.

Many countries in the world promote the production of grapes.

Since there are no such subsidies in Turkey, the producers replace the vineyards which cost a lot to maintain with other agricultural products.

ANASON

Aniseed is an endemic botanical plant of Turkey.

In the world, aniseeds are mainly produced in Mediterranean and are exported to many countries in the world in order to be used in the industries such as bakery, cosmetics, chemicals and also in pharmaceutical industries.

The production of aniseeds is extremely limited since its production is not made in an organized way.

Macro agricultural policies are necessary to promote the production of aniseeds.

ANASON

The supply of glass bottles

There are only a few companies which produce glass bottles used for spirits in Turkey.

The optimum installed line capacities are planned to produce around 200-300 thousands of units at each production run.

The brands that are produced in small amounts are obliged to work with importers or small scale/non-serial manufacturers.

The importation process is expensive and in small-scaled manufacturing quality issues can be faced.

Existance of only a few number of manufacturers decrease alternatives for suppliers and incur capacity issues.

Delayed deliveries, difficulties to reach desired quality of goods on a timely manner at desired cost levels are existing issues.